Carolina Wren - Bird Knowledge

Carolina Wren - Bird Knowledge
The Carolina wren, with its distinctive bold eyebrow, warm chestnut plumage, and yellowish flanks, stands out as a smart and sassy bird.

Basic Info:

Scientific Name: Thryothorus ludovicianus
Lifespan: Average of 6 years in the wild
Size: 4.7–5.5 inches
Weight: 0.4–0.8 ounces (18–22 grams)
Wingspan: 11.4 inches

Distribution and Habitat:

Carolina wrens thrive in various habitats, including woodlands like oak hardwoods and mixed oak-pine woodlands. They also find comfort in suburban areas, swamps, and overgrown farmland. The subspecies Burleigh and neophilus are found in slash pine and palmetto habitats.

Backyard Sightings:

In winter, Carolina wrens visit suet-filled feeders, seeking sustenance. During cold months, they seek shelter in nest boxes containing dried grasses, often preferring boxes with slots. In spring, they may nest in boxes or opt for creative choices like hanging ferns or empty flower pots in overgrown backyards. Consider putting up a nest box to attract a breeding pair, ensuring it's installed before the breeding season and equipped with a guard against predators.

Breeding Behavior:

Carolina wrens are typically monogamous, often mating for life. Although rare, instances of mate changing and potential polygamy have been observed. In winter, males guard territories, while females may maintain winter territories alone. Females incubate eggs for 12–16 days, and once hatched, the young are exclusively fed on invertebrates. Fledging occurs within 12–14 days.

State Bird Status:

Notably, the Carolina wren holds the honor of being the state bird of South Carolina.


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